Total knee replacement
Arthritis is a form of joint disorder that involves inflammation of one or more joints. With over 100 different types of arthritis, which we can divide into:
- Degenerative (wear-and-tear, also known as Osteoarthritis).
- Inflammatory (infection in a joint, an example is Rheumatoid Arthritis).
Osteoarthritis is considered to be the most common form of arthritis, and it is commonly known as wear-and-tear arthritis. It affects millions of people worldwide. It is a condition in which the cartilage covering the joints wear away with time. When this happens, the coverless bones rub more closely against one another due to less shock-absorbing benefits of cartilage.
The main symptoms of Osteoarthritis are pain and sometimes stiffness and limitation in the affected joints. Your joints may feel stiff after rest, but this usually wears off relatively quickly once you get moving. Symptoms may vary from one person to another and depending on what you are doing. The affected joint may sometimes get swollen, and it may make grating or crackling sounds as you move.
Although Osteoarthritis can damage any joint, the disorder most commonly affects joints in your hands, spine, and very often affects the weight-bearing joints like hips and knees.
Knee osteoarthritis is widespread, and it is also one of the most common causes of musculoskeletal pain and disability. It occurs most often in people at 50 years of age and older, but may occur in younger people as well.
Age, obesity, trauma, deformities, and/or hereditary defects are all risk factors that increase the chance of developing knee osteoarthritis.
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease that means the damaged joints cannot ever recover but it most certainly is treaded using physical therapy, activity modifications, medications, and/or injections. Moreover, specialists classified it into four stages (picture). All of them could be managed conservatively.
Venta’s Physical Therapy
If you are tired of relying on medication to manage your arthritis pain, we think it might be time to consider other arthritis remedies. Such as physical therapy intervention.
Venta’s Physical Therapy team can perform a careful and detailed evaluation for you. Based on the results, we will design a customized care plan to treat your condition using the latest evidence-based treatment methods. Thus will slow the progression of the disease, prevent the complication, reduce pain, improve joint mobility, and will avoid the need for surgery.
If the complications of Osteoarthritis not controlled at its later stage, then the mobility and functionality may be reduced due to the severe pain. Also, you might complain of extreme difficulty with your healthy lifestyle like walking, climbing stairs, or getting in and out of chairs.
If the nonsurgical treatments like medications no longer reduce the pain. And physical therapy has reached its maximum potential and no longer helps; your doctor may consider a total knee replacement surgery.
Knee replacement surgery (arthroplasty) is a necessary operation that involves replacing the damaged knee with an artificial joint. Recent studies estimate that 90% of all knee replacement surgeries are due to late-stage Osteoarthritis, and other conditions might cause knee damage, which includes:
- Rheumatoid arthritis.
- Disorders that cause unusual bone growth (bone dysplasia).
- Death of bone in the knee joint following blood supply problems (avascular necrosis).
- Knee injury and fractures.
- Knee deformity with pain and loss of cartilage
Although the postoperative prognosis is good, recovery is painful and requires physical therapy for up to 4 months to put the worries behind you and return to enjoying life.
During that time, the physical therapy program adherence is the most significant factor affecting patient outcomes for healing and recovery.
Researchers found that there is a significant number of patients who don’t adhere to their physical therapy program. That results in some complications and delays in returning to their normal lifestyle.
But don’t worry, our physical therapy team has designed a specialized program to take care of you before and after the surgery. We will prepare you mentally and physically for the operation, help you improve your healing, reduce pain and swelling, restore joint mobility, flexibility, strength, and independence.
Check our Pre and post Total Knee replacement rehabilitation program